时间：2017-03-11 10:30:07来源：网络收集Tags: ()
Four decades on, relations between China and Europe have changed profoundlyBy Cui Hongjian
The author is Director ofDepartment for EuropeanStudies at the ChinaInstitute of InternationalStudies
It has been a busy few months for China-Europe relations. Shortly after ChinesePresident Xi Jinping’s state visit to Britain,German Chancellor Angela Merkel paidher eighth visit to China since taking office.In quick succession, French PresidentFran?ois Hollande visited Beijing. At the endof November, President Xi arrived in Paris toattend the global climate change summit,showing support for France’s hosting of theimportant international event as well as forthe city of Paris, which recently suffered aseries of terrorist attacks.
In fact, China and Europe have maintainedfrequent high-level economic andpolitical interactions as well as pragmaticcooperation in recent years, creating theprospect of a golden era in relations.
This first benefited from China’s steadfastand comprehensive Europe policy.
Achieving mutual benefits and win-winresults through c哈尔滨什么医院能治癫痫病ooperation and establishingcommunities of interests have becomethe clear-cut direction of China-Europerelations. The close mutual interactions betweenChina and these European powershave sent the world a signal that European countries are confident about China’s economic,social and political prospects andare willing to see the lasting, stable andstrong development of the Chinese economythat can help extricate Europe from itsprolonged recession.
China also sees cooperation withEurope as a significant opportunity forChina’s development and believes Europecan be an important partner for jointly safeguardingand improving the internationalsystem.
China has made great efforts to push itscooperation with Europe at different levels,including at the national, sub-regional body,and EU levels, via mutual promotion andcomplementing each other’s advantages.
The result is that China-Europe relations aremore comprehensive, systematic and highlyefficient.
Another factor that helps promote thedevelopment of China-Europe relations isEuropean countries’ ability to learn frompast experiences and their foresight inadapting to the changes of internationalpatterns. Relations between China andmajor European countries have almost allexperienced twists and turns, bu石家庄能治癫痫的医院在哪t Europeancountries have also found the right way tointeract with China through the ups anddowns. Merkel and British Prime MinisterDavid Cameron also shifted from cautiousto active promoters of sound China-Europerelations.
Win-win cooperation has become themainstream of China-Europe diplomacy.These changes will inevitably push theoverall China-Europe relationship forward.
The American factor
Almost simultaneously with the close interactionbetween China and Europeancountries, the relations of China and theUnited States have entered a phase ofpeaceful coexistence, though not withoutcompetition. China hopes to establish anew model of relations with the UnitedStates, but is fully aware that achieving it isextremely difficult.
The United States and Europeancountries’ worldviews and foreign policyobjectives vary widely based on their differenthistorical experiences, respective rolecognition and interests, which have alsodetermined their different perceptions andpolicies toward China.
However, no matter how the currentChina-U.S. and China-Europe relationshipschange, they all can serve as a source ofinspiration and as a learning experience forChina’s building of new-model relations withother major countries and establishing globalpartne湖北癫痫病治疗疗法rships.
In recent years, the international state ofaffairs has seen its share of ups and downs,but the major world powers are puttingan emphasis on rebalance and stability.
However, different players have differentinterpretations of balance, responding withdifferent policies. European countries’ Chinapolicies can be seen as a kind of action toseek the rebalance of the world economicand trade structure. Meanwhile, the fundamentalstarting point for the United States’rebalancing strategy is based on its self-positionedrole as the "leader of the free world.”Therefore, Washington’s core China policyis "containment,” that is, restricting andweakening any potential threat that Chinamay pose. Some extreme views expoundedin the United States even claim to "deprivethe conditions for China’s further development.”However, establishing a new typeof relations between China and the UnitedStates requires "no confrontation and noconflict.”
When dealing with China, European countries,on the other hand, do not exhibitanxiety about maintaining their status inthe world order. They are more aware ofthe huge opportunities for cooperationunder the trend of global wealth transfer,hoping to continue to maintain Europe’sadvantage in the security, p郑州癫痫病治疗哪里医院好olitical and economicarenas in virtue of the continuousdevelopment of China and other emergingeconomies.
This is of Europe’s interest. But as longit is achieved through cooperation ratherthan zero-sum confrontation, it naturallybecomes the basis for Europe and China toseek and promote common goals.
The common interests between Chinaand Europe are also well integrated withinChina’s own peaceful development strategy.Thus, the core of China-Europe relations canbe described as "symbiosis.”
Even if the United States pursues a policythat tries to deprive China of the conditionsfor sustainable development, China, in additionto preventing this from happening andtrying to change expectations, would needto continue to leverage the markets, sourcesof technology and experience in Europe tomaintain and enhance the conditions for development.
China would also need to expandits strategic space for international relationsand build a more balanced, reasonable andjust international order by advancing thedevelopment of its relations with Europeancountries.
Chinese officials and scholars shouldwork out a more effective way to rebalanceChina’s relations with Western countries,upon which lasting peace and sustainedprosperity can be built.